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There have been a lot of discussions, books and articles about a change in attitude especially among younger generations towards the role of work and careers. They are, assumably, not as willing anymore to slog away their days in questionable loyalty to some company or institution, no matter what.
This change in attitude, however, can not only be found among younger generations. There have always been people of different walks of life who questioned the ethics and merits of ‘hard work’ (also known as the protestant work ethic), and the notion that hard work makes you a better person. Just recently I read some interesting quotes on the wikipedia entry Critique of Work:
Nietzsche rejected the work ethic, viewing it as damaging to the development of reason, as well as the development of the individual etc. In 1881, he wrote:
The eulogists of work. Behind the glorification of ‘work’ and the tireless talk of the ‘blessings of work’ I find the same thought as behind the praise of impersonal activity for the public benefit: the fear of everything individual. At bottom, one now feels when confronted with work—and what is invariably meant is relentless industry from early till late—that such work is the best police, that it keeps everybody in harness and powerfully obstructs the development of reason, of covetousness, of the desire for independence. For it uses up a tremendous amount of nervous energy and takes it away from reflection, brooding, dreaming, worry, love, and hatred; it always sets a small goal before one’s eyes and permits easy and regular satisfactions. In that way a society in which the members continually work hard will have more security: and security is now adored as the supreme goddess.
The American architect, philosopher, designer, and futurist Buckminster Fuller presented a similar argument which rejected the idea that people should be de facto forced to sell their labor in order to have the right to a decent life, saying:
We must do away with the absolutely specious notion that everybody has to earn a living. It is a fact today that one in ten thousand of us can make a technological breakthrough capable of supporting all the rest. The youth of today are absolutely right in recognizing this nonsense of earning a living. We keep inventing jobs because of this false idea that everybody has to be employed at some kind of drudgery because, according to Malthusian Darwinian theory he must justify his right to exist. So we have inspectors of inspectors and people making instruments for inspectors to inspect inspectors. The true business of people should be to go back to school and think about whatever it was they were thinking about before somebody came along and told them they had to earn a living.
This whole complex is of major concern to all and everybody, or should be, as it touches upon the world we live in, would like to live in, would wish for our children, and grand-children, the planet and all other creatures. It involves our – broken, as many believe – economic system, climate change and many topics linked to this.
Washington Post article: Companies say culture does not come from physical contact
Also: Apple employees fight back and launch petition against back-to-the-office-for-three days order.
Take a look at the whole section Working from Home in The Guardian
Kate Raworth on a new paradigm for a new economic system (TED talk)
Richard Wilkinson on the ill effects of inequality in and for all societies (TED talk)
And an article from The World Economic Forum on how to battle inequality
And the whole section of BBC Worklife